According to climatic type tropical regions have two seasons – the wet and the dry. Monsoon areas around the Indian Ocean have mainly three seasons hot, cold and rainy. Bangladesh is a small country in the Asian Continent. Though the climate of Bangladesh is mainly subtropical monsoon of warm and humid. It has a temperate climate because of its physical location. Bangladesh is called the land of six seasons ( Sharoritu). 12 months of Bangla calendar is divided into six seasons : (Grisma) summer, ( Barsha) rainy, (Sarat) autumn, (Hemonto) late autumn, (Shhit) winter and (Bashonto) spring. Every season is special and have some significant difference but some seasons can flow into another then others become short.
Bangladesh island of rivers. Land and water are two natural resources of Bangladesh. The total area of Bangladesh is 1,47,570 square kilometers which 9,734 square kilometers area under inland water bodies, homestead covers 11,227 square kilometers, forest covers 2,154 square kilometers and urban build cover 950 square kilometers. The land of Bangladesh is fully legitimate for agriculture and the finance of Bangladesh is mainly dependent upon agriculture. The seasonality factor has a strong impact on cultivation. Every season has it’s the specialty . People celebrate the first month (Bhaishak) of the Bengali calendar with honor, this called BHAISHAKI UTSHAV. In the summer season, 2nd month (Jayshtho) is the most available time for various fruits. That’s why this month is called MODHUMAS ( sweet month). Approximately many fruits are available all over the years. In the winter season, the people of Bangladesh celebrate new crops. This occasion called POUS CARBON, they make many sweet delicious foods this time. Over and above many types of rice, jute, sugarcane, potatoes, onion, and many types of vegetables are cultivating according to season. Wood is the main fuel for cooking in Bangladesh, the forest is the main source of fuel. As per topographical condition forest of Bangladesh are divided by three-part
1. Hill forest
2. Plain sal forest and
3.Mangrove littoral forest.
This forest is fully packed with wildlife. In winter season thousand of birds arrive in Bangladesh from icy land. Sundarban is one and only mangrove forest in the world which is situated in Bangladesh. The Royal Bengal Tiger is the main attraction of the Sundarban. The forest area has a great contribution to not only the GDP of Bangladesh but also climate and biodiversity.
I already wrote that Bangladesh island of rivers. The civilization of Bangladesh in mainly was build-up surrounding rivers. The main Rivers of Bangladesh are PADMA, MEGNA, JAMUNA, BRAHMAPUTRA, TISTA, GARAI, etc. The total amount of rivers in Bangladesh is 230 and 58 are international rivers where 55 rivers are connected with India and others 3 have a connection with Myanmar. There is heavy rainfall in the rainy season but farmers of Bangladesh are mainly depending on the water of rivers for cultivating. Himalaya is the main source of the flow of those rivers and which are lastly jumbled with the BAY of BENGAL. Cox Bazar is the world’s longest unbroken sandy beach of 120 kilometers which is situated in Bangladesh. Water is the main source of fish which is filled with the prime need for the protein of Bangladeshi people. Hilsha is the most popular fish of Bangladesh apart this there are many types of fishes founded in ponds, bills, canals, rivers, and sea. In the wet season, the level of BAY of BENGAL is impinging on the mainland which is approximately higher than 2 meters than the dry season.
There is a great impact on the climate on Bengali culture and civilization. The seasonal disaster hampered normal life. The occupation is depended upon the atmosphere . The main cities are built surrounding the water land. Above all the natural beauty and atmosphere can attract anyone.
Rowshon Ara/RA -06/2019